Dayuan HU: Responses to Climate Change and Energy Saving and Emission Reduction

 date:2010-4-11 9:40:00          

Responses to Climate Change and Energy Saving and Emission Reduction

Dayuan HU

Professor, Vice Dean of National School of Development

Global cooperation is the key to deal with the challenge of climate change. In 1988, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established. After that, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was passed in 1992, and Kyoto Protocol took effect in 2005. Although great accomplishment has been made, most developed countries will fail to realize their emission-reduction goals.

Because of interest conflicts, the cooperation is not very successful. Developed countries are reluctant to implement measures that could slow down their economic growth, while developing countries hope to catch up with developed ones and cannot afford to contribute to deal with climate change.

In addition, the uncertainties in the climate change less concerned than before. The uncertainties mainly include in the reasons, predictions and influence of the climate change. Thus, opinions vary among governments even the long-term effect of the climate change is irreversible.

For all the differences, saving energy and reducing emission cannot be wrong. It is generally accepted that making policies in energy-saving and emission-reduction is necessary.

According to China's energy consumption structure, renewable energy, including nuclear electricity, only account for less than 10%, which is much lower compared to the world average level. If we could use more renewable energy, the intensity of carbon emission will be effectively reduced.

To make the renewable energy more popular, reducing production cost and increasing stability will be vital. Thus, technology innovation will be very important. The government needs to implement measures so as to pave the way for the innovations.

Copyright© 1998-2010 北京大学 国家发展研究院 版权所有,京ICP备05005746