The NSD is also one of the leading think tanks in China. It brings together research resources within Peking University and regularly participates in China’s policy debates. Over the years, it has produced influential policy advices on important issues concerning industrial policy, rural reconstruction and SOE reform, etc. Some of them have been adopted by the government. The NSD hosts three highly recognized think-tank events: China Economic Observer, NSD Policy Talk and China Development Forum. It is also the organizer of two second-track dialogues between China and the United States, US-China Economic Dialogue and US-China Health Dialogue. In 2016, it was designated by the government as one of the 25 national think tanks.
On 15th April, 2014, Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China,
visited National School of Development where he learned about the establishment and history of the think-tank，Dean Yao Yang Introduces the NSD Think-tank.